FM 3-21.38 PDF

FM FAA P. FM INSTRUCTIONAL INTENT: TO FAMILIARIZE THE PROSPECTIVE PATHFINDER. STUDENT WITH THE BASIC. provide extensive information about FM ( ). Field Manual FM Pathfinder Operations April US Army [United States Government US Army] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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FM 3-21.38: Pathfinder Operations

It may be necessary to have two PZs or LZs, or to land the necessary aircraft one at a time. It is based on the type of helicopter used, configuration of the 3-1.38, temperature, altitude of the PZ or LZ, humidity, and fuel load.

The number, type, and landing formation of helicopters determine the minimum landing space requirement and total size of the LZ and PZ.

The tactics, techniques, and procedures that describe the conduct of the various missions are guides. If ground slope is greater than 15 percent 8 degreeshelicopters cannot land safely, and may sometimes hover to drop off Soldiers or supplies.

Ground-Marking Release System You Might Also Like…. Time There is time available to develop the situation.

Key men, weapons, and equipment should be cross-loaded among different aircraft. As part of the staging plan, Soldiers must mark obstacles on the PZ in both day and night operations. Other considerations when selecting PZs and LZs include: Whether a PZ or LZ, units establish a defensive posture and employ local security measures as required, shifting as necessary when chalks land or depart.

Therefore, blue and green chemical lights should be used for Infantry staging purposes only. You might be interested in….

Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. The chalk leader tells each man in his chalk where to sit, what to do in case of emergency, and what to do when the aircraft lands.

Have you been confronted by an ethical dilemma? Enter Your Email Address. Table E-2 lists factors considered when constructing the landing plan.

FM 3-21.38 Pathfinder Operations

The unit ffm a plan to establish continuous suppression of any enemy fire immediately upon landing while aggressively assaulting to secure the objective. LZs must be larger for aircraft delivering sling loads compared to aircraft delivering internal loads and 3-21.8. Air movement through the five stages. So should machine gun teams.

The surface at the landing point must be firm enough to keep helicopters from bogging down, raising too much dust, debris, or blowing snow.

Information that should be coordinated include: Are you looking for an unbiased outside opinion? Landing Site Operations If the lift aircraft arrives at the LZ before execution of the mission, the chalk leader should conduct face-to-face coordination with the air crew.

Terrain There is incomplete intelligence on terrain especially LZs and weather, or there are no suitable LZs on or near the objective. If the aircraft can hover low enough, Soldiers may jump out. In such cases, the lift is organized into a number of serials. Find out what’s new at AskTOP. Regardless of the landing plan used, the Infantry platoon must land ready to fight. The use of serials may be necessary to maintain effective control of aviation assets when the capacity of available PZs or LZs is limited or to take 3-21.8 of available flight routes.

Never approach or depart to the rear of a helicopter except when entering or exiting a CH The manual includes an extensive glossary of acronyms and terminology peculiar to air assault operations, pathfinder operations, and Army-Air 3-211.38 air traffic control.

Vertical Air Currents The control and distribution of all available means to suppress the enemy at a most vulnerable time is imperative.

Q&a | – Leader Development for Army Professionals

This is one of the main factors considered when planning aircraft loads. Assault forces are organized on the PZ, not the LZ. There are many ways to mark a PZ or LZ at night.

The mission is terrain-oriented. The five plans tie together in this way:.